Found in nearly every type of cell in the human body, mitochondria are responsible for providing the cell’s primary energy source, known as ATP (adenosine triphosphate) from glucose. While mitochondrial energy powers the cell, mitochondrial signaling helps determine which cells are due to be destroyed and cleared away when they age or are dysfunctional.
Since mitochondria act in most tissues, they are involved in a wide array of functions across the body including:
As we age, the mitochondria themselves can become dysfunctional and the number of mitochondria in a cell declines. If this occurs, it can play a role in the development of:
- Fatigue, reduced energy levels
- Metabolic issues like high blood sugar levels, insulin resistance, weight gain, Type 2 diabetes, obesity, or Metabolic Syndrome
- Decreased exercise capacity
- Increased cardiovascular disease risk
- Accelerated aging